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Speakers: Christopher Cramer and Nicolas Pons-Vignon Lecture topic: Critical perspectives on development economics

Speaker: Rashmi Banga Lecture topic: South-South digital cooperation for industrialisation and regional integration

Speaker: Ha-Joon Chang Lecture topic: Bringing production back into development: The …


is  the development of financial capitalism during the period from 1980 until 2010, in which debt-to-equity ratios increased and financial services accounted for an increasing share of national income relative to other sectors.…


APORDE  will feature leading international and African economists to lead discussions and share their views on economic development and industrialisation issues.

Lecturers and Facilitators 2018

Garth Strachan

Garth Strachan refused to serve in the Apartheid armed forces and spent 18 …

About Aporde

APORDE was created in 2007 at the initiative of Nicolas Pons-Vignon (then at IFAS, now at Wits University) and Nimord Zalk (the dti). Nicolas went on to act as Course director for the first 7 APORDE, before joining the Scientific …